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Open AccessArticle

Conjugation Length Effect on TPA-Based Optical Limiting Performance of a Series of Ladder-Type Chromophores

by Yujin Zhang 1,†, Wei Hu 2,†, Liyun Zhao 1, Jiancai Leng 1,* and Hong Ma 3,*
School of Science, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan 250353, China
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, iChEM (Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials), School of Chemistry and Materials Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
School of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Alessandro Salandrino and Qing-Hua Xu
Materials 2017, 10(1), 70;
Received: 20 October 2016 / Revised: 11 January 2017 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published: 16 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nonlinear Optical Material)
Nonlinear optical properties of a series of newly-synthesized ladder-type chromophores containing oligo-p-phenylene moiety with different π-conjugated lengths were theoretically studied by numerically solving the rate equations and the field intensity equation with an iterative predictor-corrector finite-difference time-domain technique. Ab initio calculation results show that the compounds can be described by the three-level model. Based on the two-photon absorption mechanism, highly efficient optical limiting performances are demonstrated in the chromophores, which strongly depend on the π-conjugated length of the molecule. Special attention has been paid to the dynamical two-photon absorption, indicating that the parameter of the medium can affect the dynamical two-photon absorption cross section. Our numerical results agree well with the experimental measurements. It reveals that the increase in the π-conjugated length of ladder-type oligo-p-phenylene for these chromophores leads to enhanced nonlinear optical absorption. The results also provide a method to modulate the optical limiting and dynamical two-photon absorption of the compounds by changing the molecular density and thickness of the absorber. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-photon absorption; optical limiting; rate equations-field intensity equation two-photon absorption; optical limiting; rate equations-field intensity equation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Hu, W.; Zhao, L.; Leng, J.; Ma, H. Conjugation Length Effect on TPA-Based Optical Limiting Performance of a Series of Ladder-Type Chromophores. Materials 2017, 10, 70.

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