Insight into Rotational Effects on a Wind Turbine Blade Using Navier–Stokes Computations
AbstractRotational effects are known to influence severely the aerodynamic performance of the inboard region of rotor blades. The underlying physical mechanisms are however far from being well understood. The present work addresses this problem using Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes computations and experimental results of the MEXICO (Model Experiments in Controlled Conditions) rotor. Four axisymmetric inflow cases with wind speeds ranging from pre-stall to post-stall conditions are computed and compared with pressure and particle image velocimetry (PIV) experimental data, obtaining, in general, consistent results. At low angles of attack, the aerodynamic behavior of all of the studied blade sections resembles the one from the corresponding 2D airfoils. However, at high angles of attack, rotational effects lead to stall delay and/or lift enhancement at inboard positions. Such effects are shown to occur only in the presence of significant radial flows. Interestingly, the way in which rotational effects influence the aerodynamics of the MEXICO blades differs qualitatively in certain aspects from the descriptions found in the literature about this topic. The presented results provide new insights that are useful for the development of advanced and physically-sound correction models. View Full-Text
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Herráez, I.; Stoevesandt, B.; Peinke, J. Insight into Rotational Effects on a Wind Turbine Blade Using Navier–Stokes Computations. Energies 2014, 7, 6798-6822.
Herráez I, Stoevesandt B, Peinke J. Insight into Rotational Effects on a Wind Turbine Blade Using Navier–Stokes Computations. Energies. 2014; 7(10):6798-6822.Chicago/Turabian Style
Herráez, Iván; Stoevesandt, Bernhard; Peinke, Joachim. 2014. "Insight into Rotational Effects on a Wind Turbine Blade Using Navier–Stokes Computations." Energies 7, no. 10: 6798-6822.