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Chlorella protothecoides Microalgae as an Alternative Fuel for Tractor Diesel Engines

1
National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture (NCEA), Faculty of Engineering & Surveying, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, QLD, Australia
2
Department of Agricultural Machinery, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, Al-Majmoa'a Street, Mosul 09334, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2013, 6(2), 766-783; https://doi.org/10.3390/en6020766
Received: 5 December 2012 / Revised: 19 January 2013 / Accepted: 30 January 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
Biodiesel has attracted a great deal attention recently as an alternative fuel due to increasing fuel prices and the imperative to reduce emissions. Among a wide range of biodiesel resources, microalgae are a promising alternative fuel source because of the high biomass, lipid productivity and environmentally friendliness. Microalgae is also a non-edible food, therefore, there will be no impact on the human food supply chain. In this work, petroleum diesel (PD) and biodiesel from the microalgae Chlorella protothecoides (MCP-B20) blend have been used to examine the performance and the emission of a 25.8 kW agriculture tractor engine. Two engine speeds at maximum power take off (PTO) power and torque have been selected for analysis using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that there is no significant difference between the engine performance when microalgae biodiesel blend (MCP-B20) and PD were used. However, a significant reduction in CO, CO2 and NO emissions was found when MCP-B20 was used. These outcomes give strong indication that microalgae can be successfully used in tractors as alternative fuel. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; diesel; biodiesel; tractor performance; emissions microalgae; diesel; biodiesel; tractor performance; emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-lwayzy, S.H.; Yusaf, T. Chlorella protothecoides Microalgae as an Alternative Fuel for Tractor Diesel Engines. Energies 2013, 6, 766-783. https://doi.org/10.3390/en6020766

AMA Style

Al-lwayzy SH, Yusaf T. Chlorella protothecoides Microalgae as an Alternative Fuel for Tractor Diesel Engines. Energies. 2013; 6(2):766-783. https://doi.org/10.3390/en6020766

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-lwayzy, Saddam H., and Talal Yusaf. 2013. "Chlorella protothecoides Microalgae as an Alternative Fuel for Tractor Diesel Engines" Energies 6, no. 2: 766-783. https://doi.org/10.3390/en6020766

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