Next Article in Journal
The Experimental Evaluation of Energy Efficiency and Carbonic Emission Rates for All Stable Loads of Larger-Scale (+600 MW) Coal-Fired Power Generation Units in Vietnam
Next Article in Special Issue
Multiobjective Optimization Based Framework for Early Stage Design of Modular Multilevel Converter for All-Electric Ship Application
Previous Article in Journal
High Specific Capacity of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Carbon Black/Chitosan- and Carbon Black/Polyvinylidene Fluoride-Coated Separators
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dynamic Blackout Probability Monitoring System for Cruise Ship Power Plants
 
 
Article

Optimized Configuration of Diesel Engine-Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid Power Systems in a Platform Supply Vessel to Reduce CO2 Emissions

1
Laboratory of Advanced Electric Grids (LGrid), Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, Travessa 3 nº 158, Butantã CEP, Sao Paulo 05508-010, SP, Brazil
2
Center for Research on Microgrids (CROM), Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Pontoppidanstræde, 111, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4328 Scorpius Street, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Mello Moraes, 2231, Butantã CEP, Sao Paulo 05508-030, SP, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Il-Yop Chung
Energies 2022, 15(6), 2184; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15062184
Received: 18 February 2022 / Revised: 8 March 2022 / Accepted: 11 March 2022 / Published: 17 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Shipboard Power Systems)
The main objective of this paper is to select the optimal configuration of a ship’s power system, considering the use of fuel cells and batteries, that would achieve the lowest CO2 emissions also taking into consideration the number of battery cycles. The ship analyzed in this work is a Platform Supply Vessel (PSV) used to support oil and gas offshore platforms transporting goods, equipment, and personnel. The proposed scheme considers the ship’s retrofitting. The ship’s original main generators are maintained, and the fuel cell and batteries are installed as complementary sources. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis is pursued on the ship’s demand curve. The simulations used to calculate the CO2 emissions for each of the new hybrid configurations were developed using HOMER software. The proposed solutions are auxiliary generators, three types of batteries, and a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) with different sizes of hydrogen tanks. The PEMFC and batteries were sized as containerized solutions, and the sizing of the auxiliary engines was based on previous works. Each configuration consists of a combination of these solutions. The selection of the best configuration is one contribution of this paper. The new configurations are classified according to the reduction of CO2 emitted in comparison to the original system. For different demand levels, the results indicate that the configuration classification may vary. Another valuable contribution of this work is the sizing of the battery and hydrogen storage systems. They were installed in 20 ft containers, since the installation of batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen tanks in containers is widely used for ship retrofit. As a result, the most significant reduction of CO2 emissions is 10.69%. This is achieved when the configuration includes main generators, auxiliary generators, a 3,119 kW lithium nickel manganese cobalt (LNMC) battery, a 250 kW PEMFC, and 581 kg of stored hydrogen. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel cell; ship power systems; diesel engine; Li-ion battery; hybrid power systems; hydrogen storage fuel cell; ship power systems; diesel engine; Li-ion battery; hybrid power systems; hydrogen storage
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Vieira, G.T.T.; Pereira, D.F.; Taheri, S.I.; Khan, K.S.; Salles, M.B.C.; Guerrero, J.M.; Carmo, B.S. Optimized Configuration of Diesel Engine-Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid Power Systems in a Platform Supply Vessel to Reduce CO2 Emissions. Energies 2022, 15, 2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15062184

AMA Style

Vieira GTT, Pereira DF, Taheri SI, Khan KS, Salles MBC, Guerrero JM, Carmo BS. Optimized Configuration of Diesel Engine-Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid Power Systems in a Platform Supply Vessel to Reduce CO2 Emissions. Energies. 2022; 15(6):2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15062184

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vieira, Giovani T. T., Derick Furquim Pereira, Seyed Iman Taheri, Khalid S. Khan, Mauricio B. C. Salles, Josep M. Guerrero, and Bruno S. Carmo. 2022. "Optimized Configuration of Diesel Engine-Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid Power Systems in a Platform Supply Vessel to Reduce CO2 Emissions" Energies 15, no. 6: 2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15062184

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop