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Article

Linking the National Energy and Climate Plan with Municipal Spatial Planning and Supporting Sustainable Investment in Renewable Energy Sources in Austria

SERA—Institute for Sustainable Energy and Resources Availability, 1120 Vienna, Austria
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Academic Editors: Maciej Nowak, Valentine Udoh James and Oleg Golubchikov
Energies 2022, 15(2), 645; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15020645
Received: 28 November 2021 / Revised: 3 January 2022 / Accepted: 12 January 2022 / Published: 17 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Spatial Policy Tools in Renewable Energy Investment)
The Austrian National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) refers to spatial planning as an important instrument to achieve 2030 targets because the technical potential of renewable energy sources (RES) are closely related to the types of land use. In Austria, land use is regulated by the spatial planning laws of the nine provinces, whereby the municipalities play an important role. It was the objective of the transFORMAT project to understand the scope for action of the municipalities with regard to promoting renewable energy use, and to understand the practical implications for renewable energy projects. To this end, the consolidated versions of spatial planning laws were analyzed and supported by a software tool (transFORMAT-Analyzer) that was developed to facilitate this process and the resulting follow-up activities. Responsible administrative departments were approached for supplementary information when deemed necessary. As a conclusion, the legal instrument (municipal ordinance), called a municipal development plan or concept, represents a long-term plan for the development of the municipality with the obligation or the option for revision under specific conditions. In theory, these revision intervals could be used to better align municipal plans with the NECP. In practice, however, significant barriers exist and opportunities for improvement have been identified, leading to recommendations on how investments in renewable energy systems can be planned more realistically and, thus, more sustainably. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; spatial planning; national energy and climate plan; governance regulation; municipal spatial planning; municipal development plan renewable energy; spatial planning; national energy and climate plan; governance regulation; municipal spatial planning; municipal development plan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Geissler, S.; Arevalo-Arizaga, A.; Radlbauer, D.; Wallisch, P. Linking the National Energy and Climate Plan with Municipal Spatial Planning and Supporting Sustainable Investment in Renewable Energy Sources in Austria. Energies 2022, 15, 645. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15020645

AMA Style

Geissler S, Arevalo-Arizaga A, Radlbauer D, Wallisch P. Linking the National Energy and Climate Plan with Municipal Spatial Planning and Supporting Sustainable Investment in Renewable Energy Sources in Austria. Energies. 2022; 15(2):645. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15020645

Chicago/Turabian Style

Geissler, Susanne, Abraham Arevalo-Arizaga, David Radlbauer, and Peter Wallisch. 2022. "Linking the National Energy and Climate Plan with Municipal Spatial Planning and Supporting Sustainable Investment in Renewable Energy Sources in Austria" Energies 15, no. 2: 645. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15020645

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