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Article

Correlation between the Production of Electricity by Offshore Wind Farms and the Demand for Electricity in Polish Conditions

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Institute of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Faculty of Automatic, Robotics and Electrical Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, 3A Piotrowo Street, 60-965 Poznan, Poland
2
Institute of Electrical Power Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Poznan University of Technology, 5 Piotrowo Street, 61-138 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Almudena Filgueira-Vizoso and Laura Castro-Santos
Energies 2022, 15(10), 3669; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15103669
Received: 23 April 2022 / Revised: 12 May 2022 / Accepted: 15 May 2022 / Published: 17 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Offshore Energies)
Energy transition forcing a change in the structure of the electricity generation system is a particularly difficult task in countries such as Poland, where the dominant source of energy is fossil fuels. Due to the nature of renewable sources (stochastic and seasonally variable), it is necessary to study their impact on the power system. Much research was conducted on this subject. They consider modelling power systems in terms of dealing with an increasing amount of renewable energy sources, stabilization of electricity generation or environmental aspects. This article examines one of the key sources of future power systems—offshore wind turbines (OWT). The influence of offshore wind sources on the power system in the fields of stability of generation, methods of regulatory strategies, and economics were examined. One of the aspects that are less considered is the correlation of energy production in OWT with energy demand and with generation in other renewable energy sources, especially in the region of the southern Baltic Sea and the distribution of energy demand in countries such as Poland. The key aspect of the research is to fill this gap. The obtained results indicate that the average monthly power generation in OWT is strongly positively correlated with the demand, and the hourly average is positively correlated moderately. Correlation between generation in OWT and photovoltaic sources is very high negative, and between onshore and offshore wind turbines is highly positive. The study indicates that the OWT has a significant potential for the development and replacement of conventional sources, due to the very high capacity and a positive correlation with demand. Moreover, future offshore wind farms can cooperate with photovoltaic sources as these sources complement each other. On the other hand, a significant saturation of the system with offshore and onshore wind sources may pose a threat to the power system due to their positive correlation. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind power; power demand; RES; correlation between solar and wind power plants offshore wind power; power demand; RES; correlation between solar and wind power plants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dobrzycki, A.; Roman, J. Correlation between the Production of Electricity by Offshore Wind Farms and the Demand for Electricity in Polish Conditions. Energies 2022, 15, 3669. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15103669

AMA Style

Dobrzycki A, Roman J. Correlation between the Production of Electricity by Offshore Wind Farms and the Demand for Electricity in Polish Conditions. Energies. 2022; 15(10):3669. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15103669

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dobrzycki, Arkadiusz, and Jacek Roman. 2022. "Correlation between the Production of Electricity by Offshore Wind Farms and the Demand for Electricity in Polish Conditions" Energies 15, no. 10: 3669. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15103669

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