Next Article in Journal
Algorithm for Selecting Best Available Techniques in Polish Coking Plants Supporting Multi-Criteria Investment Decisions in European Environmental Conditions
Next Article in Special Issue
A Progressive Period Optimal Power Flow for Systems with High Penetration of Variable Renewable Energy Sources
Previous Article in Journal
Potential Diffusion of Renewables-Based DH Assessment through Clustering and Mapping: A Case Study in Milano
Previous Article in Special Issue
CO2 Intensities and Primary Energy Factors in the Future European Electricity System
Open AccessReview

Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges: A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System

1
Department of Electromechanical, Systems and Metal Engineering, Ghent University, Tech Lane Ghent Science Park—Campus Ardoyen, Technologiepark—Zwijnaarde 131, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium
2
[email protected]—Corelab EEDT-DC, Flanders Make, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
3
[email protected]—Corelab EEDT-MP, Flanders Make, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charalampos Baniotopoulos
Energies 2021, 14(9), 2630; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrical Engineering for Sustainable and Renewable Energy)
Renewable Energy Sources (RES) have drawn significant attention in the past years to make the transition towards low carbon emissions. On the one hand, the intermittent nature of RES, resulting in variable power generation, hinders their high-level penetration in the power system. On the other hand, RES can aid not only to supply much more eco-friendly energy but also it allows the power system to enhance its stability by ancillary service provision. This article reviews the challenges related to the most intermittent RES utilised in Belgium, that is, wind energy and solar energy. Additionally, wind speed and solar irradiance variations, which are the cause of wind and solar intermittency, are studied. Then, recent techniques to forecast their changes, and approaches to accommodate or mitigate their impacts on the power system, are discussed. Finally, the latest statistics and future situation of RES in the Belgian power system are evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; wind energy; solar energy; intermittency; ancillary services; grid integration; Belgian power system; COVID-19 renewable energy; wind energy; solar energy; intermittency; ancillary services; grid integration; Belgian power system; COVID-19
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Asiaban, S.; Kayedpour, N.; Samani, A.E.; Bozalakov, D.; De Kooning, J.D.M.; Crevecoeur, G.; Vandevelde, L. Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges: A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System. Energies 2021, 14, 2630. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630

AMA Style

Asiaban S, Kayedpour N, Samani AE, Bozalakov D, De Kooning JDM, Crevecoeur G, Vandevelde L. Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges: A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System. Energies. 2021; 14(9):2630. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630

Chicago/Turabian Style

Asiaban, Siavash; Kayedpour, Nezmin; Samani, Arash E.; Bozalakov, Dimitar; De Kooning, Jeroen D.M.; Crevecoeur, Guillaume; Vandevelde, Lieven. 2021. "Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges: A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System" Energies 14, no. 9: 2630. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop