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Critical Review of Flywheel Energy Storage System

Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
Mechanical Engineering and Design, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Centre for Advanced Materials Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minya 615193, Egypt
Department of Mechanical Engineering, International University of Beirut, Beirut P.O. Box 146404, Lebanon
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Ferrari
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2159;
Received: 4 February 2021 / Revised: 27 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Sustainable Energy)
This review presents a detailed summary of the latest technologies used in flywheel energy storage systems (FESS). This paper covers the types of technologies and systems employed within FESS, the range of materials used in the production of FESS, and the reasons for the use of these materials. Furthermore, this paper provides an overview of the types of uses of FESS, covering vehicles and the transport industry, grid leveling and power storage for domestic and industrial electricity providers, their use in motorsport, and applications for space, satellites, and spacecraft. Different types of machines for flywheel energy storage systems are also discussed. This serves to analyse which implementations reduce the cost of permanent magnet synchronous machines. As well as this, further investigations need to be carried out to determine the ideal temperature range of operation. Induction machines are currently stoutly designed with lower manufacturing cost, making them unsuitable for high-speed operations. Brushless direct current machines, the Homolar machines, and permanent magnet synchronous machines should also be considered for future research activities to improve their performance in a flywheel energy storage system. An active magnetic bearing can also be used alongside mechanical bearings to reduce the control systems’ complications, thereby making the entire system cost-effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: flywheel energy storage systems (FESS); spacecraft; renewable energy; transport industry; electricity flywheel energy storage systems (FESS); spacecraft; renewable energy; transport industry; electricity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olabi, A.G.; Wilberforce, T.; Abdelkareem, M.A.; Ramadan, M. Critical Review of Flywheel Energy Storage System. Energies 2021, 14, 2159.

AMA Style

Olabi AG, Wilberforce T, Abdelkareem MA, Ramadan M. Critical Review of Flywheel Energy Storage System. Energies. 2021; 14(8):2159.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olabi, Abdul G., Tabbi Wilberforce, Mohammad A. Abdelkareem, and Mohamad Ramadan. 2021. "Critical Review of Flywheel Energy Storage System" Energies 14, no. 8: 2159.

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