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Long-Term Assessment of Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy Potentials of Qatar

1
Environmental Science Center, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
2
CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(4), 1178; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041178
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 6 November 2020 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Wind, Wave and Tidal Energy)
Exploitation of conventional energy resources has caused a deliberate increase in the emitted carbon in the atmosphere, which catalyzes global warming trends. This is a matter of concern, especially in Qatar, where fossil fuels (oil and gas) are largely relied upon for power production. The dependency on such resources could be gradually reduced by utilizing clean and renewable energy. Resource characterization is an important step to evaluate the potentiality of available renewable energy sources. Wind energy is one among them, which has not been assessed reliably so far in Qatar. We analyzed the wind energy potential along the onshore and offshore areas of Qatar using 40 years (1979–2018) of hourly wind data extracted from the ECMWF Reanalysis v5 (ERA5) database. Monthly, seasonal, annual, and decadal mean wind power densities have been derived. Reliability tests have been carried out at select onshore and offshore locations. Trends and inter-annual variability have been assessed. The study reveals that the available wind resources are generally moderate but consistent with no intense trends during the 40 year period. An inter-annual variability in wind power has been identified, which has secured links with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; ERA5 reanalysis winds; shamal winds; ENSO; Qatar coast wind energy; ERA5 reanalysis winds; shamal winds; ENSO; Qatar coast
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aboobacker, V.M.; Shanas, P.R.; Veerasingam, S.; Al-Ansari, E.M.A.S.; Sadooni, F.N.; Vethamony, P. Long-Term Assessment of Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy Potentials of Qatar. Energies 2021, 14, 1178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041178

AMA Style

Aboobacker VM, Shanas PR, Veerasingam S, Al-Ansari EMAS, Sadooni FN, Vethamony P. Long-Term Assessment of Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy Potentials of Qatar. Energies. 2021; 14(4):1178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041178

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aboobacker, Valliyil M.; Shanas, Puthuveetil R.; Veerasingam, Subramanian; Al-Ansari, Ebrahim M.A.S.; Sadooni, Fadhil N.; Vethamony, Ponnumony. 2021. "Long-Term Assessment of Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy Potentials of Qatar" Energies 14, no. 4: 1178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041178

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