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Article

GHGs Emission from the Agricultural Sector within EU-28: A Multivariate Analysis Approach

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Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Land Utilization, Technology and Regional Development, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi Str. 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O.Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
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Institute of Management and Organization Sciences, Debrecen University, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Chair of Wood Science, Technical University of Munich, 85354 Freising, Germany
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Central Laboratory for Agricultural Climate (CLAC), Agricultural Research Center, Giza 12613, Egypt
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Agricultural Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
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African Regional Institute for Geospatial Information Science and Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220282, Nigeria
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Department of Physical Geography and Geoinformatics, University of Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Piotr Gradziuk
Energies 2021, 14(20), 6495; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206495
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 6 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
Climate mitigation and adaptation planning (CMAP) has recently been implemented across the EU-28 to reduce GHG emissions (CO2, CH4, N2O). Thus, the aim of this study was to provide an overview of GHG emissions from the agricultural sector in the EU-28 from 1990 to 2019, and cluster the EU-28 countries regarding their total GHG emissions. The results emphasize the positive impact of CMAP through a negative trend of the total GHG emissions (−2653.01 thousand tons/year, p < 0.05). Despite the positive and not significant trend of the total CO2 emissions, both CH4 and N2O exhibited a negative and significant trend. At the country scale, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands showed the highest reduction in total GHG emissions, by −282.61thousand tons/year (p < 0.05), −266.40 thousand tons/year (p < 0.05), and −262.91 thousand tons/year (p < 0.05), respectively. The output of the multivariate analysis approach indicates changes in the pattern of GHG emissions between 1990 and 2019, where CO2 emissions decreased in the case of Poland and Czechia. The output of this study highlights the positive impact of CMAP, adopted by EU countries, in minimizing GHG emissions. Despite some fluctuations in CO2 emissions, strategies for attaining carbon neutrality in the agricultural sector, across the European Union, should be pursued. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate policy; GHGs emissions; PCA; IPCC; CSA climate policy; GHGs emissions; PCA; IPCC; CSA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Harsányi, E.; Bashir, B.; Almhamad, G.; Hijazi, O.; Maze, M.; Elbeltagi, A.; Alsalman, A.; Enaruvbe, G.O.; Mohammed, S.; Szabó, S. GHGs Emission from the Agricultural Sector within EU-28: A Multivariate Analysis Approach. Energies 2021, 14, 6495. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206495

AMA Style

Harsányi E, Bashir B, Almhamad G, Hijazi O, Maze M, Elbeltagi A, Alsalman A, Enaruvbe GO, Mohammed S, Szabó S. GHGs Emission from the Agricultural Sector within EU-28: A Multivariate Analysis Approach. Energies. 2021; 14(20):6495. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harsányi, Endre, Bashar Bashir, Gafar Almhamad, Omar Hijazi, Mona Maze, Ahmed Elbeltagi, Abdullah Alsalman, Glory O. Enaruvbe, Safwan Mohammed, and Szilárd Szabó. 2021. "GHGs Emission from the Agricultural Sector within EU-28: A Multivariate Analysis Approach" Energies 14, no. 20: 6495. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206495

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