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Open AccessArticle

Mooring Angle Study of a Horizontal Rotor Wave Energy Converter

Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, Institute of Marine Science and Technology, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
State Grid Shandong Electric Power Company Electric Power Science Research Institute, Jinan 250002, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(2), 344;
Received: 13 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wave and Tidal Energy 2020)
The horizontal rotor wave energy converter is a newly designed wave energy converter. While the mooring system plays a vital role in keeping the device floating stably, the selection of the mooring angle has immediate effects on the device’s floating stability and energy generation efficiency. Given the properties of wave energy along the coast in Shandong Province, this study combines wave statistics gathered from field measurements of a certain area in the Bohai Sea with hydrological data obtained in a field test in the same sea area and adopts Stokes’ fifth-order wave theory to theoretically design and simulate the mooring system for the new type of power generating device. With the help of AQWA software, data on the dynamics of the device at various angles are obtained to construct models and carry out regular wave experiments according to the most appropriate mooring angles to show the validity of the selected mooring angles. The consistency of the results between the experiment and simulation confirms that under the same working conditions of regular waves, as the mooring angle increases, the roll angle decreases first and then increases, the pitch angle barely varies, and the yaw angle decreases first and then increases. The adoption of this simulation method and the gathered experimental data help to provide theoretical and practical bases for choosing the mooring method for the engineering prototype and obtaining a reliable supply of power. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; horizontal rotor; mooring angle; regular wave; hydrodynamic response wave energy; horizontal rotor; mooring angle; regular wave; hydrodynamic response
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meng, Z.; Liu, Y.; Qin, J.; Sun, S. Mooring Angle Study of a Horizontal Rotor Wave Energy Converter. Energies 2021, 14, 344.

AMA Style

Meng Z, Liu Y, Qin J, Sun S. Mooring Angle Study of a Horizontal Rotor Wave Energy Converter. Energies. 2021; 14(2):344.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meng, Zhongliang; Liu, Yanjun; Qin, Jian; Sun, Shumin. 2021. "Mooring Angle Study of a Horizontal Rotor Wave Energy Converter" Energies 14, no. 2: 344.

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