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Article

The Effect of Salt on Stability of Aqueous Foams

1
Mewbourne School of Petroleum and Geological Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
2
Petroleum Engineering Department, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha 23874, Qatar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(2), 279; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020279
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 30 December 2020 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drilling Fluid Technology)
The properties of foams are often affected by environmental variables such as salt contamination. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of salt on the drainage behavior of aqueous foams. To accomplish this objective, drainage experiments were conducted on aqueous foams. Test variables were foam quality (40–65%), and salt content (0% to 18%), and type. To investigate drainage, the foam was generated in a flow loop and trapped in a vertical test section. Then, the pressure profile in the foam column was measured using ten pressure sensors. Foam drainage is determined as a function of time using measured pressure profiles. The results show that the drainage of NaCl-containing foams decreased with foam quality, whereas the CaCl2-containing foams did not exhibit a clear trend with foam quality. The effect of salt content on foam rheology was minimal. View Full-Text
Keywords: foam; stability; drainage; rheology; pressure; quality foam; stability; drainage; rheology; pressure; quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Obisesan, O.; Ahmed, R.; Amani, M. The Effect of Salt on Stability of Aqueous Foams. Energies 2021, 14, 279. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020279

AMA Style

Obisesan O, Ahmed R, Amani M. The Effect of Salt on Stability of Aqueous Foams. Energies. 2021; 14(2):279. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020279

Chicago/Turabian Style

Obisesan, Oyindamola, Ramadan Ahmed, and Mahmood Amani. 2021. "The Effect of Salt on Stability of Aqueous Foams" Energies 14, no. 2: 279. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020279

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