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A Process-Planning Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing

Institute for Control Engineering of Machine Tools and Manufacturing Units (ISW), University of Stuttgart, Seidenstrasse 36, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW), University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 43, 70596 Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Acoustics and Building Physics (IABP), University of Stuttgart, Wankelstraße 5, 70563 Stuttgart, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics (IBP), Wankelstraße 5, 70563 Stuttgart, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Konstantinos Salonitis and Christos Emmanouilidis
Energies 2021, 14(18), 5811;
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 6 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Manufacturing Energy Efficiency and Industry 4.0)
Process planning in manufacturing today focuses on optimizing the conflicting targets of cost, quality, and time. Due to increasing social awareness and subsequent governmental regulation, environmental impact becomes a fourth major aspect. Eventually, sustainability in manufacturing ensures future competitiveness. In this paper, a framework for the planning of sustainable manufacturing is proposed. It is based on the abstraction and generalization of manufacturing resources and part descriptions, which are matched and ranked using a multi-criteria decision analysis method. Manufacturing resources provide values for cost, quality, time and environmental impacts, which multiply with their usage within a manufacturing task for a specific part. The framework is validated with a detailed modeling of a laser machine as a resource revealing benefits and optimization potential of the underlying data model. Finally, the framework is applied to a use case of a flange part with two different manufacturing strategies, i.e., laser metal-wire deposition and conventional milling. The most influential parameters regarding the environmental impacts are the raw material input, the manufacturing energy consumption and the machine production itself. In general, the framework enabled the identification of non-predetermined manufacturing possibilities and the comprehensive comparison of production resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer-aided process planning; sustainable manufacturing; life-cycle assessment; laser metal-wire deposition computer-aided process planning; sustainable manufacturing; life-cycle assessment; laser metal-wire deposition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reiff, C.; Buser, M.; Betten, T.; Onuseit, V.; Hoßfeld, M.; Wehner, D.; Riedel, O. A Process-Planning Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing. Energies 2021, 14, 5811.

AMA Style

Reiff C, Buser M, Betten T, Onuseit V, Hoßfeld M, Wehner D, Riedel O. A Process-Planning Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing. Energies. 2021; 14(18):5811.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reiff, Colin, Matthias Buser, Thomas Betten, Volkher Onuseit, Max Hoßfeld, Daniel Wehner, and Oliver Riedel. 2021. "A Process-Planning Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing" Energies 14, no. 18: 5811.

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