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Indonesia’s Vast Solar Energy Potential

School of Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra 2600, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitrios Katsaprakakis
Energies 2021, 14(17), 5424;
Received: 16 July 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
In this paper, we conclude that Indonesia has vast potential for generating and balancing solar photovoltaic (PV) energy to meet future energy needs at a competitive cost. We systematically analyse renewable energy potential in Indonesia. Solar PV is identified to be an energy source whose technical, environmental and economic potential far exceeds Indonesia’s present and future energy requirements and is far larger than all other renewable energy resources combined. We estimate that electricity consumption in Indonesia could reach 9000 terawatt-hours per year by 2050, which is 30 times larger than at present. Indonesia has abundant space to deploy enough solar to meet this requirement, including on rooftops, inland reservoirs, mining wasteland, and in combination with agriculture. Importantly, Indonesia has a vast maritime area that almost never experiences strong winds or large waves that could host floating solar capable of generating >200,000 terawatt-hours per year. Indonesia also has far more off-river pumped hydro energy storage potential than required for balancing solar generation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Indonesia’s solar potential; ground-mounted PV; mining wasteland PV; floating PV; agrophotovoltaic; urban rooftop PV Indonesia’s solar potential; ground-mounted PV; mining wasteland PV; floating PV; agrophotovoltaic; urban rooftop PV
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MDPI and ACS Style

Silalahi, D.F.; Blakers, A.; Stocks, M.; Lu, B.; Cheng, C.; Hayes, L. Indonesia’s Vast Solar Energy Potential. Energies 2021, 14, 5424.

AMA Style

Silalahi DF, Blakers A, Stocks M, Lu B, Cheng C, Hayes L. Indonesia’s Vast Solar Energy Potential. Energies. 2021; 14(17):5424.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silalahi, David F., Andrew Blakers, Matthew Stocks, Bin Lu, Cheng Cheng, and Liam Hayes. 2021. "Indonesia’s Vast Solar Energy Potential" Energies 14, no. 17: 5424.

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