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Article

Estimation of Carbon Footprint of Residential Building in Warm Humid Climate of India through BIM

1
School of Civil Engineering, VIT University, Vellore 632014, India
2
Architecture and Planning Division, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee 247667, India
3
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201002, India
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Building Energy Efficiency Division, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee 247667, India
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Department of Engineering, University of Rome Niccolò Cusano, 00166 Roma, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nuria Forcada and Rajat Gupta
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4237; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144237
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
In recent years Asian Nations showed concern over the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of their civil infrastructure. This study presents a contextual investigation of a residential apartment complex in the territory of the southern part of India. The LCA is performed through Building Information Modelling (BIM) software embedded with Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) of materials utilized in construction, transportation of materials and operational energy use throughout the building lifecycle. The results of the study illustrate that cement is the material that most contributes to carbon emissions among the other materials looked at in this study. The operational stage contributed the highest amount of carbon emissions. This study emphasizes variation in the LCA results based on the selection of a combination of definite software-database combinations and manual-database computations used. For this, three LCA databases were adopted (GaBi database and ecoinvent databases through One Click LCA software), and the ICE database was used for manual calculations. The ICE database showed realistic value comparing the GaBi and ecoinvent databases. The findings of this study are valuable for the policymakers and practitioners to accomplish optimization of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions over the building life cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling; life cycle database; life cycle assessment; carbon footprint building information modeling; life cycle database; life cycle assessment; carbon footprint
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurian, R.; Kulkarni, K.S.; Ramani, P.V.; Meena, C.S.; Kumar, A.; Cozzolino, R. Estimation of Carbon Footprint of Residential Building in Warm Humid Climate of India through BIM. Energies 2021, 14, 4237. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144237

AMA Style

Kurian R, Kulkarni KS, Ramani PV, Meena CS, Kumar A, Cozzolino R. Estimation of Carbon Footprint of Residential Building in Warm Humid Climate of India through BIM. Energies. 2021; 14(14):4237. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144237

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurian, Rosaliya, Kishor S. Kulkarni, Prasanna V. Ramani, Chandan S. Meena, Ashok Kumar, and Raffaello Cozzolino. 2021. "Estimation of Carbon Footprint of Residential Building in Warm Humid Climate of India through BIM" Energies 14, no. 14: 4237. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144237

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