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Article

Joint Optimal Planning of Electricity and Modern Energy Cooking Services Access in Nyagatare

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Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, School of Industrial Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28006 Madrid, Spain
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Innovation and Technology for Development Centre at the Technical University of Madrid (itdUPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Institute for Research in Technology (IIT), ICAI, Comillas Pontifical University, 28015 Madrid, Spain
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Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215, USA
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Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Simon Batchelor and Ed Brown
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4093; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144093
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 30 June 2021 / Published: 6 July 2021
In 2019, there were 759 million people globally without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people lacked access to clean cooking. Cooking with electricity could contribute to achieving universal access to energy by 2030. This paper uses geospatially-based techniques—a computer model named REM, for Reference Electrification Model—to show the impact of integrating electric cooking into electrification planning. Three household scenarios were analyzed: one for providing basic electricity access with no electric cooking; another for cooking with electricity; and the third for cooking half of the meals with electricity and half with another fuel, with a clean stacking process. Results of the application of REM to the three scenarios were obtained for the Nyagatare District, Rwanda. The case study showed that electric cooking substantially changes the mix of technologies and the total cost of the least-cost electrification plan. It also showed that electric cooking can be cost competitive compared to LPG and charcoal in grid-connected households and can reduce greenhouse emissions. Stacking with energy-efficient electric appliances provides most of the benefits of full electric cooking at a lower cost and is a pathway worthy of further consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: SDG7; energy access; clean cooking; eCook; electrification; geospatial planning; electrification modes; stacking scenarios; Reference Electrification Model; low- and middle-income countries SDG7; energy access; clean cooking; eCook; electrification; geospatial planning; electrification modes; stacking scenarios; Reference Electrification Model; low- and middle-income countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Jacob, E.; González-García, A.; Mazorra, J.; Ciller, P.; Lumbreras, J.; Pérez-Arriaga, J.I. Joint Optimal Planning of Electricity and Modern Energy Cooking Services Access in Nyagatare. Energies 2021, 14, 4093. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144093

AMA Style

Sánchez-Jacob E, González-García A, Mazorra J, Ciller P, Lumbreras J, Pérez-Arriaga JI. Joint Optimal Planning of Electricity and Modern Energy Cooking Services Access in Nyagatare. Energies. 2021; 14(14):4093. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Jacob, Eduardo, Andrés González-García, Javier Mazorra, Pedro Ciller, Julio Lumbreras, and José Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga. 2021. "Joint Optimal Planning of Electricity and Modern Energy Cooking Services Access in Nyagatare" Energies 14, no. 14: 4093. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144093

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