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Open AccessArticle

Modeling and Analysis of a Deflection Type Permanent Magnet Synchronous Wind Generator System

by Weichao Dong 1,2, Zheng Li 2,*, Hexu Sun 1,2,* and Jingxuan Zhang 1,3
1
School of Artificial Intelligence, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2
School of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
3
School of Electrical Engineering, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(6), 1524; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061524
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Machines and Drive Systems for Emerging Applications)
A novel type of multi-degree-of-freedom (multi-DOF) deflecting-type permanent-magnet synchronous wind generator (PMSWG) is constructed to improve the reliability and utilization of wind energy. The basic working principle of the multi-DOF deflecting-type permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is introduced, and its structural size is experimentally and theoretically determined. Subsequently, the multi-DOF deflecting-type PMSG was used to operate a complete wind turbine. A prototype and three-dimensional (3D) model of the wind turbine is simulated, allowing one to analyze the aerodynamics of the turbine and power generation performance. The electromagnetic field analysis is performed via analytical methods, followed by a 3D finite element and torque analyses. Furthermore, the wind turbine power generation characteristics curves are obtained through simulation software. Finally, transient analysis of post deflection is demonstrated. The before and after deflection values of the generator voltage, current, flux linkage, and induced voltage are compared and analyzed, relying on simulations and experiments. Additionally, the wind tunnel experiment is used to compare voltage variation with wind direction. The comparison reveals that the wind generator phase voltage remains maximized with wind direction variation. The results confirm that the proposed PMSWG has excellent performance and future research potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-dimensional finite element analysis; multi-degree-of-freedom; deflecting-type; permanent-magnet synchronous wind generator; magnetic field; wind power generation three-dimensional finite element analysis; multi-degree-of-freedom; deflecting-type; permanent-magnet synchronous wind generator; magnetic field; wind power generation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, W.; Li, Z.; Sun, H.; Zhang, J. Modeling and Analysis of a Deflection Type Permanent Magnet Synchronous Wind Generator System. Energies 2020, 13, 1524.

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