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Catalytic Steam Reforming of Toluene: Understanding the Influence of the Main Reaction Parameters over a Reference Catalyst

Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(4), 813; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040813
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 27 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
Identifying the suitable reaction conditions is key to achieve high performance and economic efficiency in any catalytic process. In this study, the catalytic performance of a Ni/Al2O3 catalyst, a benchmark system—was investigated in steam reforming of toluene as a biomass gasification tar model compound to explore the effect of reforming temperature, steam to carbon (S/C) ratio and residence time on toluene conversion and gas products. An S/C molar ratio range from one to three and temperature range from 700 to 900 °C was selected according to thermodynamic equilibrium calculations, and gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) was varied from 30,600 to 122,400 h1 based on previous work. The results suggest that 800 °C, GHSV 61,200 h1 and S/C ratio 3 provide favourable operating conditions for steam reforming of toluene in order to get high toluene conversion and hydrogen productivity, achieving a toluene to gas conversion of 94% and H2 production of 13 mol/mol toluene.
Keywords: toluene; steam reforming; GHSV; S/C ratio; coke formation toluene; steam reforming; GHSV; S/C ratio; coke formation
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, H.L.; Pastor-Pérez, L.; Millan, M. Catalytic Steam Reforming of Toluene: Understanding the Influence of the Main Reaction Parameters over a Reference Catalyst. Energies 2020, 13, 813.

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