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Open AccessArticle

A Machine Learning Approach to Low-Cost Photovoltaic Power Prediction Based on Publicly Available Weather Reports

1
DLR Institute of Networked Energy Systems, Carl-von-Ossietzky-Str. 15, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
2
Hammer Real GmbH, Sylvensteinstr. 2, 81369 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(3), 735; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030735
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
A fully automated transferable predictive approach was developed to predict photovoltaic (PV) power output for a forecasting horizon of 24 h. The prediction of PV power output was made with the help of a long short-term memory machine learning algorithm. The main challenge of the approach was using (1) publicly available weather reports without solar irradiance values and (2) measured PV power without any technical information about the PV system. Using this input data, the developed model can predict the power output of the investigated PV systems with adequate accuracy. The lowest seasonal mean absolute scaled error of the prediction was reached by maximum size of the training set. Transferability of the developed approach was proven by making predictions of the PV power for warm and cold periods and for two different PV systems located in Oldenburg and Munich, Germany. The PV power prediction made with publicly available weather data was compared to the predictions made with fee-based solar irradiance data. The usage of the solar irradiance data led to more accurate predictions even with a much smaller training set. Although the model with publicly available weather data needed greater training sets, it could still make adequate predictions. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic power prediction; publicly available weather reports; machine learning; long short-term memory; integrated energy systems; smart energy management photovoltaic power prediction; publicly available weather reports; machine learning; long short-term memory; integrated energy systems; smart energy management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maitanova, N.; Telle, J.-S.; Hanke, B.; Grottke, M.; Schmidt, T.; Maydell, K.v.; Agert, C. A Machine Learning Approach to Low-Cost Photovoltaic Power Prediction Based on Publicly Available Weather Reports. Energies 2020, 13, 735.

AMA Style

Maitanova N, Telle J-S, Hanke B, Grottke M, Schmidt T, Maydell Kv, Agert C. A Machine Learning Approach to Low-Cost Photovoltaic Power Prediction Based on Publicly Available Weather Reports. Energies. 2020; 13(3):735.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maitanova, Nailya; Telle, Jan-Simon; Hanke, Benedikt; Grottke, Matthias; Schmidt, Thomas; Maydell, Karsten v.; Agert, Carsten. 2020. "A Machine Learning Approach to Low-Cost Photovoltaic Power Prediction Based on Publicly Available Weather Reports" Energies 13, no. 3: 735.

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