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Open AccessArticle

Estimation of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from a Diesel Engine Powered by Lignocellulose Derived Fuel for Better Management of Fuel Production

1
Department of Production Engineering, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Street 164, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Production Management, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Street 45A, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
3
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Production Computerization and Robotization, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 38 D, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(3), 561; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030561
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 19 January 2020 / Accepted: 21 January 2020 / Published: 23 January 2020
Managing of wastes rich in lignocellulose creates the opportunity to produce biofuels that are in full compliance with the principles of sustainable development. Biomass, as a suitable base for the production of biofuels, does not have to be standardized, and its only important feature is the appropriate content of lignocellulose, which assures great freedom in the selection of input. Biobutanol, obtained from this type of biomass, can be used as fuel for internal combustion engines, including diesel engines. In the era of strict environmental protection regulations, especially concerning atmospheric air, any new fuel, apart from good energetic properties, should also show beneficial ecological effects. This study investigates the carbon dioxide emissions from biobutanol powered diesel engine by means of use of the simulation model. The parameters of a real passenger car powered by a diesel engine were used for simulation carried out accordingly to the WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure) approval procedure as the current test for newly manufactured cars. The results obtained for biobutanol were compared with simulated exhaust emissions obtained for conventional diesel and with FAME (fatty acid methyl esters)—the most popular biofuel. Biobutanol, in spite of its higher consumption, showed lower direct carbon dioxide emissions than both: the conventional diesel and FAME. In addition, a LCA (life cycle assessment) was carried out for the fuels and vehicles in question using the SimaPro package. Therefore, the implementation of butyl alcohol as a fuel provides favorable environmental effects. This result gives arguments towards biofuel production management indicating that implementation of biobutanol production technology mitigates carbon dioxide emission, as well as promotes lignocellulosic resources rather than edible parts of the plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: biobutanol; clean combustion; Scilab simulations; SimaPro; CO2 emission; fuel production management; environmental impact; non-edible resources for biofuel production biobutanol; clean combustion; Scilab simulations; SimaPro; CO2 emission; fuel production management; environmental impact; non-edible resources for biofuel production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tucki, K.; Orynycz, O.; Wasiak, A.; Świć, A.; Mruk, R.; Botwińska, K. Estimation of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from a Diesel Engine Powered by Lignocellulose Derived Fuel for Better Management of Fuel Production. Energies 2020, 13, 561. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030561

AMA Style

Tucki K, Orynycz O, Wasiak A, Świć A, Mruk R, Botwińska K. Estimation of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from a Diesel Engine Powered by Lignocellulose Derived Fuel for Better Management of Fuel Production. Energies. 2020; 13(3):561. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tucki, Karol; Orynycz, Olga; Wasiak, Andrzej; Świć, Antoni; Mruk, Remigiusz; Botwińska, Katarzyna. 2020. "Estimation of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from a Diesel Engine Powered by Lignocellulose Derived Fuel for Better Management of Fuel Production" Energies 13, no. 3: 561. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030561

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