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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Experimental Setup and Procedure for Rapid Preparation of Natural Gas Hydrate

State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
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Energies 2020, 13(3), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030531
Received: 4 November 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
The natural gas hydrate (NGH) reservoir in China is mainly distributed in the continental shelf with water depths ranging from 600–1500 m, about 90% of which is stored in the shallow area of the deep sea, with weak cementation and non-diagenetic characteristics. In order to test and study this type of NGH, samples must be prepared in situ, in large quantities, and at fast speed. At present, there are problems with the common stirring, spraying, and bubbling preparation techniques available, such as slow generation rate, low gas storage density, and lack of rapid preparation. Therefore, the rapid preparation of large samples of non-diagenetic natural gas hydrate has received extensive attention at home and abroad. In view of this technical bottleneck, Southwest Petroleum University innovatively established a rapid preparation kettle of 1062 L. In this paper, the preparation experiment of natural gas hydrate in the South China Sea (the pressure of the preparation kettle was reduced from 7 MPa to 3.3 MPa) was carried out in the preparation method of the ‘three-in-one’ (stirring method, spraying method, bubbling method) and experimental test method. In the process of preparation of non-diagenetic gas hydrate, the data of dynamic image, temperature, pressure, electrical resistivity, and reaction time are tested. During the preparation of natural gas hydrate, temperature, pressure, and electrical resistivity curves in four preparation methods were made, respectively. Through the experimental data analysis of different preparation methods of natural gas hydrate, it has been found that the preparation time of natural gas hydrate using the stirring method, the spraying method, and the bubbling method alone require a longer preparation time. However, when the three-in-one method is used to prepare natural gas hydrate, the preparation cycle of natural gas hydrate is obviously shortened. The preparation time of the single method of stirring method, spraying method, and bubbling method is respectively about 5.13, 3.59, and 3.37 times as long as that of three-in-one method. The three-in-one method for preparing natural gas hydrate greatly improves the preparation efficiency, which has a great significance to the scientific and technological progress of experimental research and evaluation methods of natural gas hydrate. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-diagenetic natural gas hydrate; three-in-one method; induction time; rapid preparation kettle; experimental evaluation non-diagenetic natural gas hydrate; three-in-one method; induction time; rapid preparation kettle; experimental evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.; Wei, N.; Jiang, L.; Zhao, J.; Cui, Z.; Sun, W.; Zhang, L.; Zhou, S.; Xu, H.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, C.; Wang, X. Evaluation of Experimental Setup and Procedure for Rapid Preparation of Natural Gas Hydrate. Energies 2020, 13, 531.

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