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Estimation of Solar Resource Based on Meteorological and Geographical Data: Sonora State in Northwestern Territory of Mexico as Case Study

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School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, Sanderson Building, Robert Stevenson Road, The King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3FB, UK
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Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de Sonora, Hermosillo 83000, Sonora, Mexico
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Department of Electric Power and Electrical Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30, Lenin Avenue, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
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Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Blvd. Enrique Mazón López 965, Hermosillo 83000, Sonora, Mexico
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Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey 64849, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(24), 6501; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13246501
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 26 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section A2: Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Systems)
A model developed at the University of Tomsk, Russia, for high latitudes (over 55° N) is proposed and applied to the analysis and observation of the solar resource in the state of Sonora in the northwest of Mexico. This model utilizes satellite data and geographical coordinates as inputs. The objective of this research work is to provide a low-cost and reliable alternative to field meteorological stations and also to obtain a wide illustration of the distribution of solar power in the state to visualize opportunities for sustainable energy production and reduce its carbon footprint. The model is compared against real-time data from meteorological stations and satellite data, using statistical methods to scrutinize its accuracy at local latitudes (26–32° N), where a satisfactory performance was observed. An annual geographical view of available solar radiation against maximum and minimum temperatures for all the state municipalities is provided to identify the photovoltaic electricity generation potential. The outcomes are proof that the model is economically viable and could be employed by local governments to plan solar harvesting strategies. The results are generated from an open source model that allows calculating the available solar radiation over specific land areas, and the application potential for future planning of solar energy projects is evident. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar radiation; mathematical model based on satellite data; photovoltaic potential; performance evaluation; GIS analysis; solar resource assessment; municipal energy planning solar radiation; mathematical model based on satellite data; photovoltaic potential; performance evaluation; GIS analysis; solar resource assessment; municipal energy planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Enríquez-Velásquez, E.A.; Benitez, V.H.; Obukhov, S.G.; Félix-Herrán, L.C.; Lozoya-Santos, J.d.-J. Estimation of Solar Resource Based on Meteorological and Geographical Data: Sonora State in Northwestern Territory of Mexico as Case Study. Energies 2020, 13, 6501. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13246501

AMA Style

Enríquez-Velásquez EA, Benitez VH, Obukhov SG, Félix-Herrán LC, Lozoya-Santos Jd-J. Estimation of Solar Resource Based on Meteorological and Geographical Data: Sonora State in Northwestern Territory of Mexico as Case Study. Energies. 2020; 13(24):6501. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13246501

Chicago/Turabian Style

Enríquez-Velásquez, Enrique A., Victor H. Benitez, Sergey G. Obukhov, Luis C. Félix-Herrán, and Jorge de-J. Lozoya-Santos. 2020. "Estimation of Solar Resource Based on Meteorological and Geographical Data: Sonora State in Northwestern Territory of Mexico as Case Study" Energies 13, no. 24: 6501. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13246501

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