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Article

Quantification of Minor Chemical Elements in Particulate Matter Collected from In-Use Diesel Engine Passenger Vehicles by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Institute of Biomedical Mechatronics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Strasse 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
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Energies 2020, 13(22), 6113; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226113
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 21 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section C: Energy and Environment)
This research qualitatively and quantitatively characterises the minor chemical elements in diesel particulate matter (DPM). DPM was extracted from in-use diesel engine passenger vehicles of diverse types and models from major brand car producers in Europe. We analysed particulate matter extracted from the exhaust manifold part from passenger vehicles that are used in daily life environment. To qualitatively and quantitatively characterise the DPM, we employed the high-resolution Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy analytical technique (LIBS). Qualitative spectrochemical LIBS analyses confirmed the presence of minor chemical elements—silicon, nickel, titan, potassium, strontium, and molybdenum in DPM. For quantification of the LIBS signal, the calibration functions were constructed from internal calibration standards. Different concentrations of detected minor elements Si, Ni, Ti, K, Sr, and Mo were measured with respect to the type of complex particulate matter. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; diesel particulate matter; particulates; soot; carbon emissions; pollutant emissions; vehicle emissions; exhaust emissions; ultrafine particles; metallic nanoparticles; trace metals; trace elements; trace emission; air quality; optical emission spectroscopy; laser-induced plasma spectroscopy; LIBS; LIPS particulate matter; diesel particulate matter; particulates; soot; carbon emissions; pollutant emissions; vehicle emissions; exhaust emissions; ultrafine particles; metallic nanoparticles; trace metals; trace elements; trace emission; air quality; optical emission spectroscopy; laser-induced plasma spectroscopy; LIBS; LIPS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Viskup, R.; Wolf, C.; Baumgartner, W. Quantification of Minor Chemical Elements in Particulate Matter Collected from In-Use Diesel Engine Passenger Vehicles by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Energies 2020, 13, 6113. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226113

AMA Style

Viskup R, Wolf C, Baumgartner W. Quantification of Minor Chemical Elements in Particulate Matter Collected from In-Use Diesel Engine Passenger Vehicles by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Energies. 2020; 13(22):6113. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226113

Chicago/Turabian Style

Viskup, Richard, Christoph Wolf, and Werner Baumgartner. 2020. "Quantification of Minor Chemical Elements in Particulate Matter Collected from In-Use Diesel Engine Passenger Vehicles by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy" Energies 13, no. 22: 6113. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13226113

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