Output-only methods are widely used to characterize the dynamic behavior of very diverse structures. However, their application to floating structures may be limited due to their strong nonlinear behavior. Therefore, since there is very little experience on the application of these experimental tools to these very peculiar structures, it is very important to develop studies, either based on numerical simulations or on real experimental data, to better understand their potential and limitations. In an initial phase, the use of numerical simulations permits a better control of all the involved variables. In this work, the Covariance-driven Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI-COV) algorithm is applied to numerically simulated data of two different solutions to Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWT) and for its capability of tracking the rigid body motion modal properties and susceptibility to different modeling restrictions and environmental conditions tested. The feasibility of applying the methods in an automated fashion in the processing of a large number of datasets is also evaluated. While the structure natural frequencies were consistently obtained from all the simulations, some difficulties were observed in the estimation of the mode shape components in the most changeling scenarios. The estimated modal damping coefficients were in good agreement with the expected results. From all the results, it can be concluded that output-only methods are capable of characterizing the dynamic behavior of a floating structure, even in the context of continuous dynamic monitoring using automated tracking of the modal properties, and should now be tested under uncontrolled environmental loads.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited