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A Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Based Method for FAPR Compliance Testing of the Wind Turbine Converters Control

1
Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
2
TenneT TSO B.V., 6812AR Arnhem, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(19), 5203; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195203
Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 2 October 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Converter Control Applications in Low-Inertia Power Systems)
A task for new power generation technologies, interfaced to the electrical grid by power electronic converters, is to stiffen the rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) at the initial few milliseconds (ms) after any variation of active power balance. This task is defined in this article as fast active power regulation (FAPR), a generic definition of the FAPR is also proposed in this study. Converters equipped with FAPR controls should be tested in laboratory conditions before employment in the actual power system. This paper presents a power hardware-in-the-loop (PHIL) based method for FAPR compliance testing of the wind turbine converter controls. The presented PHIL setup is a generic test setup for the testing of all kinds of control strategies of the grid-connected power electronic converters. Firstly, a generic PHIL testing methodology is presented. Later on, a combined droop- anFd derivative-based FAPR control has been implemented and tested on the proposed PHIL setup for FAPR compliance criteria of the wind turbine converters. The compliance criteria for the FAPR of the wind turbine converter controls have been framed based on the literature survey. Improvement in the RoCoF and and maximum underfrequency deviation (NADIR) has been observed if the wind turbine converter controls abide by the FAPR compliance criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: FAPR; power hardware-in-the-loop; inertia emulation; wind turbine; converter control FAPR; power hardware-in-the-loop; inertia emulation; wind turbine; converter control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmad, Z.; Torres, J.R.; Veera Kumar, N.; Rakhshani, E.; Palensky, P.; van der Meijden, M. A Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Based Method for FAPR Compliance Testing of the Wind Turbine Converters Control. Energies 2020, 13, 5203. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195203

AMA Style

Ahmad Z, Torres JR, Veera Kumar N, Rakhshani E, Palensky P, van der Meijden M. A Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Based Method for FAPR Compliance Testing of the Wind Turbine Converters Control. Energies. 2020; 13(19):5203. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmad, Zameer, Jose Rueda Torres, Nidarshan Veera Kumar, Elyas Rakhshani, Peter Palensky, and Mart van der Meijden. 2020. "A Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Based Method for FAPR Compliance Testing of the Wind Turbine Converters Control" Energies 13, no. 19: 5203. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195203

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