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Article

An Evaluation of the Economic and Resilience Benefits of a Microgrid in Northampton, Massachusetts

1
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Portland, OR 97204, USA
2
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA 99352, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(18), 4802; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184802
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 14 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microgrid Energy Management)
Recent developments and advances in distributed energy resource (DER) technologies make them valuable assets in microgrids. This paper presents an innovative evaluation framework for microgrid assets to capture economic benefits from various grid and behind-the-meter services in grid-connecting mode and resilience benefits in islanding mode. In particular, a linear programming formulation is used to model different services and DER operational constraints to determine the optimal DER dispatch to maximize economic benefits. For the resiliency analysis, a stochastic evaluation procedure is proposed to explicitly quantify the microgrid survivability against a random outage, considering uncertainties associated with photovoltaic (PV) generation, system load, and distributed generator failures. Optimal coordination strategies are developed to minimize unserved energy and improve system survivability, considering different levels of system connectedness. The proposed framework has been applied to evaluate a proposed microgrid in Northampton, Massachusetts that would link the Northampton Department of Public Works, Cooley Dickenson Hospital, and Smith Vocational Area High School. The findings of this analysis indicate that over a 20-year economic life, a 441 kW/441 kWh battery energy storage system, and 386 kW PV solar array can generate $2.5 million in present value benefits, yielding a 1.16 return on investment ratio. Results of this study also show that forming a microgrid generally improves system survivability, but the resilience performance of individual facilities varies depending on power-sharing strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic analysis; energy storage systems; microgrid; resilience economic analysis; energy storage systems; microgrid; resilience
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balducci, P.; Mongird, K.; Wu, D.; Wang, D.; Fotedar, V.; Dahowski, R. An Evaluation of the Economic and Resilience Benefits of a Microgrid in Northampton, Massachusetts. Energies 2020, 13, 4802. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184802

AMA Style

Balducci P, Mongird K, Wu D, Wang D, Fotedar V, Dahowski R. An Evaluation of the Economic and Resilience Benefits of a Microgrid in Northampton, Massachusetts. Energies. 2020; 13(18):4802. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184802

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balducci, Patrick, Kendall Mongird, Di Wu, Dexin Wang, Vanshika Fotedar, and Robert Dahowski. 2020. "An Evaluation of the Economic and Resilience Benefits of a Microgrid in Northampton, Massachusetts" Energies 13, no. 18: 4802. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184802

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