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On the Investigation of Microstructured Charcoal as an ANFO Blasting Enhancer

Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Banja Luka, Mladena Stojanovića 2, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Niezapominajek 8, 30-239 Kraków, Poland
Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(18), 4681;
Received: 26 July 2020 / Revised: 23 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Energy Materials)
In this study, we examined the influence of microstructured charcoal (MC) when added to ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) samples. We performed a study that investigated ANFOs structure, crystallinity, and morphology by utilizing infrared spectroscopy (IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. MC characteristics were probed by Raman spectroscopy and SEM analysis. SEM analysis indicated how fuel oil (FO) covered ammonium nitrate prill. Moreover, the surface of the MC was covered by specific microfibers and microtubes. The disordered graphitic structure of the MC was also confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. Simulation of blasting properties revealed that the addition of MC should decrease blasting parameters like heat explosion, detonation pressure, and detonation temperature. However, the obtained differences are negligible in comparison with the regular ANFO. All analyses indicated that MC was a good candidate as an additive to ANFO. View Full-Text
Keywords: ANFO; charcoal; morphology; SEM ANFO; charcoal; morphology; SEM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Atlagic, S.G.; Biessikirski, A.; Kuterasiński, Ł.; Dworzak, M.; Twardosz, M.; Sorogas, N.; Arvanitidis, J. On the Investigation of Microstructured Charcoal as an ANFO Blasting Enhancer. Energies 2020, 13, 4681.

AMA Style

Atlagic SG, Biessikirski A, Kuterasiński Ł, Dworzak M, Twardosz M, Sorogas N, Arvanitidis J. On the Investigation of Microstructured Charcoal as an ANFO Blasting Enhancer. Energies. 2020; 13(18):4681.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atlagic, Suzana G., Andrzej Biessikirski, Łukasz Kuterasiński, Michał Dworzak, Michał Twardosz, Niki Sorogas, and John Arvanitidis. 2020. "On the Investigation of Microstructured Charcoal as an ANFO Blasting Enhancer" Energies 13, no. 18: 4681.

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