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Article

Annual Variation in Energy Consumption of an Electric Vehicle Used for Commuting

1
Department of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Automation, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Lille, Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology, Centrale Lille, Yncrea Hauts-de-France, ULR 2697–L2EP, F-59000 Lille, France
2
French Network on HEVs and EVs, MEGEVH, 59650 Villeneuve D’Ascq, France
3
Univ. Lille, ULR 4477—TVES—Territoires Villes Environnement & Société, F-59000 Lille, France
4
AME-Eco7, Univ Gustave Eiffel, IFSTTAR, Univ Lyon, F-69675 Lyon, France
5
Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
6
Renault Technologie Roumanie SRL, 062204 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(18), 4639; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184639
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 1 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section E: Electric Vehicles)
The energy consumption of an electric vehicle is primarily due to the traction subsystem and the comfort subsystem. For a regular trip, the traction energy can be relatively constant but the comfort energy has variation depending on seasonal temperatures. In order to plan the annual charging operation of an eco-campus, a simulation tool is developed for an accurate determination of the consumption of an electric vehicle throughout year. The developed model has been validated by comparison with experimental measurement of a real vehicle on a real driving cycle. Different commuting trips are analyzed over a complete year. For the considered city in France (Lille), the comfort energy consumption has an overconsumption up to 33% in winter due to heating, and only 15% in summer due to air conditioning. The urban commuting driving cycle is more affected by the comfort subsystem than extra-urban trips. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; energy consumption; traction; heating ventilation air conditioning; simulation; energetic macroscopic representation electric vehicle; energy consumption; traction; heating ventilation air conditioning; simulation; energetic macroscopic representation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Desreveaux, A.; Bouscayrol, A.; Castex, E.; Trigui, R.; Hittinger, E.; Sirbu, G.-M. Annual Variation in Energy Consumption of an Electric Vehicle Used for Commuting. Energies 2020, 13, 4639. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184639

AMA Style

Desreveaux A, Bouscayrol A, Castex E, Trigui R, Hittinger E, Sirbu G-M. Annual Variation in Energy Consumption of an Electric Vehicle Used for Commuting. Energies. 2020; 13(18):4639. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184639

Chicago/Turabian Style

Desreveaux, Anatole, Alain Bouscayrol, Elodie Castex, Rochdi Trigui, Eric Hittinger, and Gabriel-Mihai Sirbu. 2020. "Annual Variation in Energy Consumption of an Electric Vehicle Used for Commuting" Energies 13, no. 18: 4639. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184639

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