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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Actuator Disk Model Relative to Actuator Surface Model for Predicting Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes

by 1 and 1,2,*
1
The State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics, Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2
School of Engineering Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(14), 3574; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143574
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Numerical Simulation of Wind Turbines)
The Actuator Disk (AD) model is widely used in Large-Eddy Simulations (LES) to simulate wind turbine wakes because of its computing efficiency. The capability of the AD model in predicting time-average quantities of wind tunnel-scale turbines has been assessed extensively in the literature. However, its capability in predicting wakes of utility-scale wind turbines especially for the coherent flow structures is not clear yet. In this work, we take the time-averaged statistics and Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) modes computed from a well-validated Actuator Surface (AS) model as references to evaluate the capability of the AD model in predicting the wake of a 2.5 MW utility-scale wind turbine for uniform inflow and fully developed turbulent inflow conditions. For the uniform inflow cases, the predictions from the AD model are significantly different from those from the AS model for the time-averaged velocity, and the turbulence kinetic energy until nine rotor diameters (D) downstream of the turbine. For the turbulent inflow cases, on the other hand, the differences in the time-averaged quantities predicted by the AS and AD models are not significant especially at far wake locations. As for DMD modes, significant differences are observed in terms of dominant frequencies and DMD patterns for both inflows. Moreover, the effects of incoming large eddies, bluff body shear layer instability, and hub vortexes on the coherent flow structures are discussed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind turbine wake; actuator disk model; actuator surface model; dynamic mode decomposition; coherent structures; wake meandering wind turbine wake; actuator disk model; actuator surface model; dynamic mode decomposition; coherent structures; wake meandering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Z.; Yang, X. Evaluation of Actuator Disk Model Relative to Actuator Surface Model for Predicting Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes. Energies 2020, 13, 3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143574

AMA Style

Li Z, Yang X. Evaluation of Actuator Disk Model Relative to Actuator Surface Model for Predicting Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes. Energies. 2020; 13(14):3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143574

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Zhaobin; Yang, Xiaolei. 2020. "Evaluation of Actuator Disk Model Relative to Actuator Surface Model for Predicting Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes" Energies 13, no. 14: 3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143574

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