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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

A Novel Approach for the Determination of Sorption Equilibria and Sorption Enthalpy Used for MOF Aluminium Fumarate with Water

1
Department Heating and Cooling Technologies, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstr. 2, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
2
Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics, Hamburg University of Technology, Denickestr. 17, 21073 Hamburg, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(11), 3003; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13113003
Received: 19 May 2020 / Revised: 6 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
Adsorption chillers offer an environmentally friendly solution for the valorisation of waste or solar heat for cooling demands. A recent application is high efficiency data centre cooling, where heat from CPUs is used to drive the process, providing cooling for auxiliary loads. The metal organic framework aluminium fumarate with water is potentially a suitable material pair for this low temperature driven application. A targeted heat exchanger design is a prerequisite for competitiveness, requiring, amongst other things, a sound understanding of adsorption equilibria and adsorption enthalpy. A novel method is employed for their determination based on small isothermal and isochoric state changes, applied with an apparatus developed initially for volume swing frequency response measurement, to samples with a binder-based adsorbent coating. The adsorption enthalpy is calculated through the Clausius–Clapeyron equation from the obtained slopes of the isotherm and isobar, while the absolute uptake is determined volumetrically. The isotherm confirms the step-like form known for aluminium fumarate, with a temperature dependent inflection point at p rel 0.25, 0.28 and 0.33 for 30 °C, 40 °C and 60 °C. The calculated differential enthalpy of adsorption is 2.90 ± 0.05 MJ/kg (52.2 ± 1.0 kJ/mol) on average, which is about 10–15% higher than expected by a simple Dubinin approximation. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption equilibrium; adsorption enthalpy; heat of adsorption; metal organic framework; aluminum fumarate; coating; adsorption; cooling; heat pump; heat transformation adsorption equilibrium; adsorption enthalpy; heat of adsorption; metal organic framework; aluminum fumarate; coating; adsorption; cooling; heat pump; heat transformation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Laurenz, E.; Füldner, G.; Schnabel, L.; Schmitz, G. A Novel Approach for the Determination of Sorption Equilibria and Sorption Enthalpy Used for MOF Aluminium Fumarate with Water. Energies 2020, 13, 3003. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13113003

AMA Style

Laurenz E, Füldner G, Schnabel L, Schmitz G. A Novel Approach for the Determination of Sorption Equilibria and Sorption Enthalpy Used for MOF Aluminium Fumarate with Water. Energies. 2020; 13(11):3003. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13113003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laurenz, Eric; Füldner, Gerrit; Schnabel, Lena; Schmitz, Gerhard. 2020. "A Novel Approach for the Determination of Sorption Equilibria and Sorption Enthalpy Used for MOF Aluminium Fumarate with Water" Energies 13, no. 11: 3003. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13113003

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