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Open AccessArticle

Ground Fault Detection Using Hybrid Method in IT System LVDC Microgrid

Department of Electrical Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University, 150 Namwon Ro, Gangwon, Wonju 26403, Korea
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Energies 2020, 13(10), 2606; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13102606
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 3 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro Grid Protection)
Low voltage direct current (LVDC) microgrid systems have many advantages over low voltage alternating current (LVAC) systems. Furthermore, LVDC microgrids are growing in use because they are easy to link to distributed energy resources (DER) and energy storage systems (ESS), etc. Currently, IT system LVDC microgrids are widely used in direct current (DC) railways, hospitals, photovoltaic (PV) systems, and so on. When a ground fault occurs in an IT system LVDC microgrid, the ground fault may not be detected because the fault current is very small and there is no current path. In this paper, ground fault detection is proposed using a hybrid method that comprises pulsation signal generator injection and detailed coefficients of discrete wavelet transform (DWT). The LVDC microgrid was modeled and simulated using power systems computer-aided design (PSCAD). In addition, the proposed hybrid method was implemented using MATLAB’s wave menu, a script m-file, and the PSCAD library. The proper threshold was selected and tested by fault resistance change and load variation. In order to verify the superiority of the proposed hybrid method, a comparative study with the conventional method was performed. The results of various simulations show that the proposed hybrid detection method has normal operation and accurately and rapidly detects ground faults. View Full-Text
Keywords: detailed coefficient; DER; ESS; ground fault detection; hybrid method; LVDC microgrid; IT system; PSCAD detailed coefficient; DER; ESS; ground fault detection; hybrid method; LVDC microgrid; IT system; PSCAD
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Lee, K.-M.; Park, C.-W. Ground Fault Detection Using Hybrid Method in IT System LVDC Microgrid. Energies 2020, 13, 2606.

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