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Open AccessArticle

A Decentralized Architecture Based on Cooperative Dynamic Agents for Online Voltage Regulation in Smart Grids

1
Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering (DIETI), University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Engineering, University of Sannio, 82100 Benevento, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(7), 1386; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12071386
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Mining in Smart Grids)
The large-scale integration of renewable power generators in power grids may cause complex technical issues, which could hinder their hosting capacity. In this context, the mitigation of the grid voltage fluctuations represents one of the main issues to address. Although different control paradigms, based on both local and global computing, could be deployed for online voltage regulation in active power networks, the identification of the most effective approach, which is influenced by the available computing resources, and the required control performance, is still an open problem. To face this issue, in this paper, the mathematical backbone, the expected performance, and the architectural requirements of a novel decentralized control paradigm based on dynamic agents are analyzed. Detailed simulation results obtained in a realistic case study are presented and discussed to prove the effectiveness and the robustness of the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: voltage regulation; smart grid; decentralized control architecture; multi-agent systems voltage regulation; smart grid; decentralized control architecture; multi-agent systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andreotti, A.; Petrillo, A.; Santini, S.; Vaccaro, A.; Villacci, D. A Decentralized Architecture Based on Cooperative Dynamic Agents for Online Voltage Regulation in Smart Grids. Energies 2019, 12, 1386.

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