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Open AccessArticle

Electricity Generation in India: Present State, Future Outlook and Policy Implications

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Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/2172, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
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ENET Centre, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/2172, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(7), 1361; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12071361
Received: 18 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 30 March 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Policy Implications)
India is one of the fastest developing countries in the world. To sustain this growth, energy and electricity demands will increase. In 2015, of the 1337 TWh produced, 916 TWh were from fossil fuels. We prepared several models of electricity demand from 2015 to 2030, based on publicly available datasets and trends. Models were tested on data from previous years and adjusted accordingly. From several scenarios, we decided to introduce two possibilities, i.e., a scenario using high energy savings in all sectors, and a scenario counting on a high industrial growth not supported by an equal increase of electricity savings. For both cases we prepared models for extreme situations: (1) where coal- and lignite-based power plants are preferred after slow-down of a renewable energy boom, and (2) with high utilization of renewable energy supported by natural gas and nuclear energy. With GDP and population increasing at the same rate as in previous years, the unambiguous result in all scenarios is a 2 to 3-fold increase of the electricity demand by 2030. On the electricity production side, all scenarios stress the role of coal, renewables and nuclear sources. Both energy and climate policies should be prepared for such a development in advance. View Full-Text
Keywords: India; electricity; energy policy; sustainable development India; electricity; energy policy; sustainable development
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Tiewsoh, L.S.; Jirásek, J.; Sivek, M. Electricity Generation in India: Present State, Future Outlook and Policy Implications. Energies 2019, 12, 1361.

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