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Energies 2019, 12(3), 574; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030574

Methodology for the Energy Need Assessment to Effectively Design and Deploy Mini-Grids for Rural Electrification

1
DIEF, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
2
DIMA, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Rome La Sapienza, 00162 Roma, Italy
3
DESTEC, Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Construction Engineering, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Remote Sites 2019)
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Abstract

In order to successfully deploy a large number of decentralized energy systems in developing countries, it is necessary to standardize effective methodologies and procedures to develop off-grid/mini-grid systems. Considering that the energy need assessment provides inputs and assumptions used in business modelling and mini-grid design, the accuracy of its results directly affects the technical and financial feasibility studies. Thus, the approach for applying a proven methodology for the energy need assessment of rural communities is aimed at obtaining reliable input data for the mini-grid development. This helps in reducing both the financial challenges by mitigating the uncertainties in electricity demand and the technical challenges by contributing to adequately size off-grid power generation systems, with a view to boost toward a common overall objective of mini-grid’s optimization methods and tools. Hence, taking into consideration that target communities differ in terms of needs and context conditions, the proposed paper describes an inclusive methodology that can be adapted case-by-case. It provides an effective applied solution the lack of proven guidelines from project developers or literature, giving priority to data collection methods able to achieve a large sample representative of the market, with high accuracy in estimating the energy consumptions from electricity substitutes. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy need assessment; mini-grid; off-grid; rural electrification; methodology; rural development; access to energy; data collection; energy consumptions; demand profile energy need assessment; mini-grid; off-grid; rural electrification; methodology; rural development; access to energy; data collection; energy consumptions; demand profile
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gambino, V.; Del Citto, R.; Cherubini, P.; Tacconelli, C.; Micangeli, A.; Giglioli, R. Methodology for the Energy Need Assessment to Effectively Design and Deploy Mini-Grids for Rural Electrification. Energies 2019, 12, 574.

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