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Assessment of Electric Vehicle Charging Costs in Presence of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation and Variable Electricity Tariffs

1
Department of Information Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy
2
Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(3), 499; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030499
Received: 8 December 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 5 February 2019
In this paper a general model for the estimation of the uncoordinated charging costs of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the presence of distributed and intermittent generation, and variable electricity tariffs is presented. The proposed method aims at estimating the monthly average cost of uncoordinated charging of a single EV depending on the hour at which the EV is plugged into the EV Supply Equipment (EVSE). The feasibility and relevance of the proposed model is verified by applying the considered cost estimation method to a suitable use case. A single EV charging service offered at a public building equipped with a Photovoltaic (PV) system has been considered as reference case. The proposed model has been applied to the PV production and loads consumption data collected during one year, and the results of the study compared with the Time-Of-Use (TOU) electricity tariff. The application of the proposed model identified noticeable deviations among the computed EV charging costs and the reference TOU profile, with differences up to 40%, depending on the considered month and on the time of charging during the day. It can be concluded that such model could be used to properly detect opportunities of energy savings, and to define dedicated EV price signals that could help to promote the optimal use of distributed energy resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle (EV); EV uncoordinated charging; EV charging costs; distributed photovoltaic generation; time-of-use (TOU) electricity tariffs electric vehicle (EV); EV uncoordinated charging; EV charging costs; distributed photovoltaic generation; time-of-use (TOU) electricity tariffs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pasetti, M.; Rinaldi, S.; Flammini, A.; Longo, M.; Foiadelli, F. Assessment of Electric Vehicle Charging Costs in Presence of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation and Variable Electricity Tariffs. Energies 2019, 12, 499.

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