Carbon nanowalls (CNWs), which are used as electrodes for secondary batteries in energy storage systems (ESSs), have the widest reaction surface area among the carbon-based nanomaterials, but their application is rare due to their low adhesion with substrates. Indium tin oxide (ITO), a representative transparent conducting oxide (TCO) material, is widely used as the electrode for displays, solar cells, etc. Titanium nitride (TiN) is a well-used material as an interlayer for improving the adhesion between two materials. In this study, ITO or TiN thin films were used as an interlayer to improve the adhesion between a CNW and a substrate. The interlayer was deposited on the substrate using a radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering system with a four-inch TiN or ITO target. CNWs were grown on the interlayer-coated substrate using a microwave-plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (MPECVD) system with a mixture of methane (CH4
) and hydrogen (H2
) gases. The adhesion of the CNW/interlayer/substrate structure was observed through ultrasonic cleaning.
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