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Transmission-Scale Battery Energy Storage Systems: A Systematic Literature Review

1
Pacific Power, Portland, OR 97232, USA
2
Portland General Electric, Portland, OR 97204, USA
3
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(23), 4603; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234603
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
When the transmission capacity of an electrical system is insufficient to adequately serve customer demand, the transmission system is said to be experiencing congestion. More transmission lines can be built to increase capacity. However, transmission congestion typically only occurs during periods of peak demand, which occur just a few times per year; capitol-intensive investments in new transmission capacity address problems that occur infrequently. Alternative solutions to alleviated transmission congestion have been devised, including generation curtailment, demand response programs, and various remedial action schema. Though not currently a common solution, battery energy storage systems can also provide transmission congestion relief. Technological and market trends indicate the growing production capacity of battery energy storage systems and decreasing prices, which indicate the technology may soon become a viable option for providing congestion relief. Batteries can provide multiple ancillary services, and so can concurrently provide value through multiple revenue streams. In this manuscript, the authors present a systematic review of literature, technology, regulations, and projects related to the use of battery energy storage systems to provide transmission congestion relief. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery energy storage systems; transmission congestion; systematic literature review battery energy storage systems; transmission congestion; systematic literature review
MDPI and ACS Style

Marnell, K.; Obi, M.; Bass, R. Transmission-Scale Battery Energy Storage Systems: A Systematic Literature Review. Energies 2019, 12, 4603.

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