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A Widespread Review of Smart Grids Towards Smart Cities

Faculty of Science and Technology, Engineering, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
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Energies 2019, 12(23), 4484; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234484
Received: 6 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section A5: Smart Grids and Microgrids)
Nowadays, the importance of energy management and optimization by means of smart devices has arisen as an important issue. On the other hand, the intelligent application of smart devices stands as a key element in establishing smart cities, which have been suggested as the solution to complicated future urbanization difficulties in coming years. Considering the scarcity of traditional fossil fuels in the near future, besides their ecological problems the new smart grids have demonstrated the potential to merge the non-renewable and renewable energy resources into each other leading to the reduction of environmental problems and optimizing operating costs. The current paper clarifies the importance of smart grids in launching smart cities by reviewing the advancement of micro/nano grids, applications of renewable energies, energy-storage technologies, smart water grids in smart cities. Additionally a review of the major European smart city projects has been carried out. These will offer a wider vision for researchers in the operation, monitoring, control and audit of smart-grid systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart city; smart grid; solar; wind; energy storage; smart water grid smart city; smart grid; solar; wind; energy storage; smart water grid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farmanbar, M.; Parham, K.; Arild, Ø.; Rong, C. A Widespread Review of Smart Grids Towards Smart Cities. Energies 2019, 12, 4484. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234484

AMA Style

Farmanbar M, Parham K, Arild Ø, Rong C. A Widespread Review of Smart Grids Towards Smart Cities. Energies. 2019; 12(23):4484. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234484

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farmanbar, Mina, Kiyan Parham, Øystein Arild, and Chunming Rong. 2019. "A Widespread Review of Smart Grids Towards Smart Cities" Energies 12, no. 23: 4484. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234484

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