Next Article in Journal
Interdependence Between Renewable-Energy and Low-Carbon Stock Prices
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Wide-Bandgap Technology on Renewable Energy and Smart-Grid Power Conversion Applications Including Storage
Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Climate Change on Passenger Vehicle Fuel Consumption: Evidence from U.S. Panel Data

Korea Environment Institute, Sejong 30147, Korea
Energies 2019, 12(23), 4460; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234460
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 22 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Energy and Environment)
Climate change is around us today and will affect human life in many ways. More frequent extreme weather events raise mortality and car accident rates, global warming leads to longer growing seasons for crops, which may change farmers’ crop choices, and the relationship between energy demand in residential buildings and weather is widely investigated. In this paper, we focus on the impact of weather on energy consumption, in particular, gasoline consumption through the more frequent use of both vehicles themselves and the air conditioner of the vehicle that decreases fuel economy, which has not been paid enough attention in the literature. We estimate the relationship between fuel consumption and weather using unique U.S. panel data. We find that hot days increase gasoline consumption, but in contrast to the results of residential energy consumption literature, there is no statistically significant effect on cold weather. With climate prediction data from General Circulation Models (GCMs), we simulate the impact of climate change on fuel energy consumption. The results show that the fuel consumption in the transportation sector may increase by up to 4% under the “business-as-usual” (RCP 8.5) scenario. Also, climate change has heterogeneous impacts across the continental United States. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy demand; passenger vehicles; climate change; impact simulation; GCMs energy demand; passenger vehicles; climate change; impact simulation; GCMs
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, H. The Impact of Climate Change on Passenger Vehicle Fuel Consumption: Evidence from U.S. Panel Data. Energies 2019, 12, 4460.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop