Next Article in Journal
The Industrial Applicability of PEA Space Charge Measurements, for Performance Optimization of HVDC Power Cables
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of Virtual Air Flow Sensor Using In-Situ Damper Performance Curve in VAV Terminal Unit
Previous Article in Journal
The Thermal Swelling Properties of Plant Chemical Alcohol Waste Liquid
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of Operating Method of Multi-Geothermal Heat Pump Systems Using Variable Water Flow Rate Control and a COP Prediction Model Based on ANN
Article

Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic

1
Institute for Applied Informatics, Technische Hochschule Deggendorf, 94078 Freyung, Germany
2
Institute for Sustainable Economic Development, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna 1190, Austria
3
Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(21), 4185; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214185
Received: 29 August 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 2 November 2019
Independence from the power grid can be pursued by achieving total self-sufficient electricity supply. Such an energy supply model might be particularly interesting for settlements located in rural areas where enough space is available for energy generation installations. This article evaluates how and at what cost electricity demand of residential users across Germany and the Czech Republic could be covered by hybrid renewable energy generation systems consisting of photovoltaics, micro-generation wind turbines and batteries. High-resolution reanalysis data are used to calculate necessary system sizes over a large area by simultaneously accounting for the temporal variability of renewable energy. For every potential location in the research area, the hybrid system requirements for clusters of 50 self-sufficient single-family houses are calculated. The results indicate no general trend regarding the size of the respective technologies, although larger areas where PV-wind power complementarity enables lowering the total system costs and required storage capacities were determined. Assuming that the cluster of households could be constituted and depending on the location, the total installation and operation costs for the proposed systems for a lifetime of 20 years range between EUR 1.8 Million and EUR 5 Million without considering costs of financing. Regions with the lowest costs were identified mainly in the south of Germany. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; COSMO-REA6; electric storage systems; residential electric demand clusters; hybrid renewable energy system sizing; spatiotemporal modelling renewable energy; COSMO-REA6; electric storage systems; residential electric demand clusters; hybrid renewable energy system sizing; spatiotemporal modelling
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ramirez Camargo, L.; Nitsch, F.; Gruber, K.; Valdes, J.; Wuth, J.; Dorner, W. Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic. Energies 2019, 12, 4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214185

AMA Style

Ramirez Camargo L, Nitsch F, Gruber K, Valdes J, Wuth J, Dorner W. Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic. Energies. 2019; 12(21):4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramirez Camargo, Luis, Felix Nitsch, Katharina Gruber, Javier Valdes, Jane Wuth, and Wolfgang Dorner. 2019. "Potential Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Self-Sufficient Residential Use in Germany and the Czech Republic" Energies 12, no. 21: 4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214185

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop