The centralized control mode is no longer applicable for microgrid operation due to the high penetration rate of distributed energy, which is responsible for the widespread interest in the use of the distributed microgrid. Focusing on the issues of power coupling and uncontrollable droop coefficient at the terminal of the connecting line between the micro-source and AC bus, which is rarely considered, this paper proposes an improved virtual synchronous generator (VSG) control strategy based on local data considering precise control of the droop coefficient and realizing the power decoupling and the expected droop characteristics. Then, combined with the virtual rotor characteristic matching method, the reasonable active and reactive power sharing of the parallel microgrid inverters are realized in terms of static and dynamic performance without additional improvement of reactive power control. Finally, the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method are verified based on the MATLAB/Simulink simulation platform. The combination of the proved strategy and matching principle endows inverters with self-synchronization characteristics, forming the self-synchronizing voltage sources, which gives the distributed microgrid a higher self-stability, autonomy and robustness to ensure the stable operation of the microgrid.
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