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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Natural and Managerial Disposability Based DEA Model for China’s Regional Environmental Efficiency Assessment

1
School of Economics and Management, Xidian University, Xi’an 710126, China
2
Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
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International Business School, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
4
Decision Sciences Department, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
5
Shaanxi Institute of Metrology Science, Xi’an 710065, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(18), 3436; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12183436
Received: 22 July 2019 / Revised: 25 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Applied to Energy and Environment)
With the acceleration of industrialization, a large amount of energy consumption has brought tremendous pressure to the natural environment. In order to prevent environmental pollution and promote sustainable development, the environmental efficiency assessment as an effective way to provide decision-making basis has been given wide attention. This study measures the environmental efficiency of 30 provinces in China from 2006 to 2015 based on the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) environmental assessment radial model both under natural disposability and managerial disposability that considered the constant variable return to scale (RTS) and the damage to scale (DTS). In addition, the scale efficiency under the two kinds of disposability of China’s 30 provinces were also measured. We found that the environmental efficiencies of different provinces in China showed regional disparities. Provinces such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong had a good performance in unified environmental efficiency and scale efficiency both under natural disposability and managerial disposability. Generally speaking, the eastern regions always performed better than the central and western regions in unified environmental efficiency during the observed years. Therefore, policies should be established to distribute the resources in balance between the east, center, and west to further promote environmental efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; unified environmental efficiency; DEA; natural disposability; managerial disposability China; unified environmental efficiency; DEA; natural disposability; managerial disposability
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Zhou, X.; Chen, H.; Wang, H.; Lev, B.; Quan, L. Natural and Managerial Disposability Based DEA Model for China’s Regional Environmental Efficiency Assessment. Energies 2019, 12, 3436.

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