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Open AccessArticle

Dispensing Technology of 3D Printing Optical Lens with Its Applications

Department of Electrical Engineering, St. John’s University, New Taipei City 25135, Taiwan
Department of Optics and Photonics, National Central University, Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3118;
Received: 15 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Systems)
PDF [8832 KB, uploaded 14 August 2019]


Current 3D printed lens technology faces reduced efficiency due to stepped and stacked lens surfaces. This research employs a faster jet dispensing method which reduces these issues. It uses UV-curable material and merges droplets before they are cured to obtain very smooth lens surfaces without any post-processing and without manufacturing a mold for lens structures. This technology can be applied to lens manufacturing in a variety of products, especially in the form of arrays, saving development time and reducing cost. Two experiments of LED (Light-emitting diode) lens and solar cell lens array mask implementations are presented to demonstrate the power of the method. Furthermore, this study analyzes the effect of different contact angles created by jet dispensing technology, including a detailed exploration of fluid viscosity and tooling heating parameters. Our results show that the LED lens can be manufactured to increase the luminous flux of large angles. Furthermore, the lens array mask for solar cells can be manufactured to reduce sunlight reflection and increase secondary refraction, which enables solar cells to achieve higher photoelectric conversion efficiency and to increase their power generation up to 4.82%. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic module; low-reflection; structure of the surface photovoltaic module; low-reflection; structure of the surface

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, F.-M.; Jwo, K.-W.; Chang, R.-S.; Tsai, C.-T. Dispensing Technology of 3D Printing Optical Lens with Its Applications. Energies 2019, 12, 3118.

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