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The Energy Mosaic Austria—A Nationwide Energy and Greenhouse Gas Inventory on Municipal Level as Action Field of Integrated Spatial and Energy Planning

Institute of Spatial Planning, Environmental Planning and Land Rearrangement, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Energies 2019, 12(16), 3065; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163065
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 28 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
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Abstract

While climate agreements are made on an international level, the measures for mitigating climate change must be executed on a local scale. Designing energy and climate related strategies on the level of municipalities has been hampered by the lack of comprehensive data on the current status of energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions on the local level. A novel approach based on the so-called spatial turn in energy and climate policies has now been established in the form of the Energy Mosaic Austria, which represents a comprehensive energy and greenhouse gas inventory for all Austrian municipalities considering different purposes of energy consumption and different energy sources. The inventory is based on the linkage of bottom-up and top-down operations, utilizing data on land use and mobility structures on the municipal level. The outcomes provide a detailed insight into the pattern of energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions that are resolved on the municipal level. A spatially differentiated analysis of the inventory yields dependencies of the energy consumption and the greenhouse gas emissions on spatial structures particularly due to the fractions of different types of land use including mobility. With the energy mosaic Austria, local policy makers are given an inventory with unprecedented spatial and contentual resolution, which is fully coherent with more coarse-grained provincial and nationwide compilations of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and elucidates the scope of action in energy and climate policy from the municipal to the nationwide level. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy model; municipal level; final energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; comprehensive database; Austria-wide basis for decision-making; integrated spatial and energy planning energy model; municipal level; final energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; comprehensive database; Austria-wide basis for decision-making; integrated spatial and energy planning
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Abart-Heriszt, L.; Erker, S.; Stoeglehner, G. The Energy Mosaic Austria—A Nationwide Energy and Greenhouse Gas Inventory on Municipal Level as Action Field of Integrated Spatial and Energy Planning. Energies 2019, 12, 3065.

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