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Apparent Viscosity Prediction of Water-Based Muds Using Empirical Correlation and an Artificial Neural Network

1
Department of Petroleum Engineering, Curtin University, Kensington 6151, Australia
2
Petroleum Technology Department, University of Technology, Baghdad 10066, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3067; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163067
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
Apparent viscosity is of one of the main rheological properties of drilling fluid. Monitoring apparent viscosity during drilling operations is very important to prevent various drilling problems and improve well cleaning efficiency. Apparent viscosity can be measured in the laboratory using rheometer or viscometer devices. However, this laboratory measurement is a time-consuming operation. Thus, in this paper, we have developed a new empirical correlation and a new artificial neural network model to predict the apparent viscosity of drilling fluid as a function of two simple and fast measurements of drilling mud (i.e., March funnel viscosity and mud density). 142 experimental measurements for different drilling mud samples have been used to develop the new correlation. The calculated apparent viscosity from the developed correlation and neural network model has been compared with the measured apparent viscosity from the laboratory. The results show that the developed correlation and neural network model predict the apparent viscosity with very good accuracy. The new correlation and neural network models predict the apparent viscosity with a correlation coefficient (R) of 98.8% and 98.1% and an average absolute error (AAE) of 8.6% and 10.9%, respectively, compared to the R of 89.2% and AAE of 20.3% if the literature correlations are used. Thus, we conclude that the newly developed correlation and artificial neural network (ANN) models are preferable to predict the apparent viscosity of drilling fluid. View Full-Text
Keywords: rheological properties; drilling mud; apparent viscosity; marsh funnel; mud weight rheological properties; drilling mud; apparent viscosity; marsh funnel; mud weight
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Al-Khdheeawi, E.A.; Mahdi, D.S. Apparent Viscosity Prediction of Water-Based Muds Using Empirical Correlation and an Artificial Neural Network. Energies 2019, 12, 3067.

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