Next Article in Journal
Proof-of-Concept of Spent Mushrooms Compost Torrefaction—Studying the Process Kinetics and the Influence of Temperature and Duration on the Calorific Value of the Produced Biocoal
Previous Article in Journal
Performance Evaluation of Energy Transition Based on the Technique for Order Preference by a Similar to Ideal Solution and Support Vector Machine Optimized by an Improved Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Accommodation Capability for Electric Vehicles of a Distribution System Considering Coordinated Charging Strategies

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2
Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
3
Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
4
UNSW Business School, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
5
State Grid Zhejiang Economic Research Institute, Hangzhou 310008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3056; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163056
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
  |  
PDF [3705 KB, uploaded 8 August 2019]
  |  

Abstract

In recent years, the ever-increasing charging demand of electric vehicles (EVs) imposes challenges on both power supply security and reliability in the distribution system. In this paper, an EV accommodation capability evaluation model of a distribution system, with high penetrations of flexible resources, is established. Firstly, according to the actual classifications of EVs and transportation rules, a Monte Carlo simulation is used to simulate the charging behaviors of EVs so as to obtain the relevant parameters of EV charging. Then, a coordinated charging optimization model for various types of EVs is proposed based on the charging characteristics of EVs. The presented model comprises a mixed-integer linear programming problem and a constrained optimization problem which are respectively solved by CPLEX (the Simplex method implemented in the °C programming language) and the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Last of all, a real-life distribution system in the coastal areas of China is served for demonstrating the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed approach. Moreover, the impacts of flexible resources, distribution network zoning rules, and EV growth on the EV accommodation capability of a distribution system are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: distribution system; flexible resources; electric vehicle; accommodation capability; coordinated charging distribution system; flexible resources; electric vehicle; accommodation capability; coordinated charging
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, Q.; Feng, C.; Wen, F.; Tseng, C.-L.; Wang, L.; Zou, B.; Zhang, X. Evaluation of Accommodation Capability for Electric Vehicles of a Distribution System Considering Coordinated Charging Strategies. Energies 2019, 12, 3056.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top