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Gasification of Waste Cooking Oil to Syngas by Thermal Arc Plasma

1
Plasma Processing Laboratory, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos str. 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Laboratory of Heat Equipment Research and Testing, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos str. 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania
3
Laboratory of Combustion Processes, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos str. 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(13), 2612; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12132612
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 7 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasma Processes for Renewable Energy Technologies)
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Abstract

The depletion and usage of fossil fuels causes environmental issues and alternative fuels and technologies are urgently required. Therefore, thermal arc water vapor plasma for a fast and robust waste/biomass treatment is an alternative to the syngas method. Waste cooking oil (WCO) can be used as an alternative potential feedstock for syngas production. The goal of this experimental study was to conduct experiments gasifying waste cooking oil to syngas. The WCO was characterized in order to examine its properties and composition in the conversion process. The WCO gasification system was quantified in terms of the produced gas concentration, the H2/CO ratio, the lower heating value (LHV), the carbon conversion efficiency (CCE), the energy conversion efficiency (ECE), the specific energy requirements (SER), and the tar content in the syngas. The best gasification process efficiency was obtained at the gasifying agent-to-feedstock (S/WCO) ratio of 2.33. At this ratio, the highest concentration of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, the H2/CO ratio, the LHV, the CCE, the ECE, the SER, and the tar content were 47.9%, 22.42%, 2.14, 12.7 MJ/Nm3, 41.3% 85.42%, 196.2 kJ/mol (or 1.8 kWh/kg), and 0.18 g/Nm3, respectively. As a general conclusion, it can be stated that the thermal arc-plasma method used in this study can be effectively used for waste cooking oil gasification to high quality syngas with a rather low content of tars. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste cooking oil; gasification; thermal arc plasma; water vapor; syngas waste cooking oil; gasification; thermal arc plasma; water vapor; syngas
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Tamošiūnas, A.; Gimžauskaitė, D.; Aikas, M.; Uscila, R.; Praspaliauskas, M.; Eimontas, J. Gasification of Waste Cooking Oil to Syngas by Thermal Arc Plasma. Energies 2019, 12, 2612.

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