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Open AccessArticle

Virtual Power Plant Management in Smart Grids with XMPP Based IEC 61850 Communication

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Cachar 788010, India
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110025, India
3
Fukushima Renewable Energy Institute, AIST (FREA), Koriyama 963-0215, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(12), 2398; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122398
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cybersecurity in Smartgrids)
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Abstract

Communication plays a key role in the effective management of virtual power plants (VPPs). For effective and stable operation of VPPs, a reliable, secure, and standardized communication infrastructure is required. In the literature, efforts were made to develop this based on industry standards, such as the IEC 60870-5-104, OpenADR 2.0b and IEC 61850. Due to its global acceptance and strong object-oriented information models, IEC 61850 standard-based communication is preferred for smart grid operations, including VPPs. However, communication models based on IEC 61850 present cybersecurity and scalability challenges. To address this issue, this paper presents an eXtensible Message Presence Protocol (XMPP)-based IEC 61850 communication for VPPs. Firstly, a full mapping of IEC 61850 messages for VPP energy management is carried out. Secondly, XMPP-based single- and multiple-domain communications are demonstrated. Finally, a federation concept has been added to facilitate communication in multi-domain communication networks. These models show that a standard communication model can be implemented with IEC 61850 and XMPP, not only for VPPs but other wide-area communication implementations in smart grids. This not only facilitates plug-and-play (PnP) with easy component additions but secures smart grid communication against cyber-attacks. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual power plant; cybersecurity; scalability; IEC 61850 communication; energy management; eXtensible Message Presence Protocol (XMPP) virtual power plant; cybersecurity; scalability; IEC 61850 communication; energy management; eXtensible Message Presence Protocol (XMPP)
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Nadeem, F.; Aftab, M.A.; Hussain, S.S.; Ali, I.; Tiwari, P.K.; Goswami, A.K.; Ustun, T.S. Virtual Power Plant Management in Smart Grids with XMPP Based IEC 61850 Communication. Energies 2019, 12, 2398.

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