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Estimating Air Density Using Observations and Re-Analysis Outputs for Wind Energy Purposes

DTU Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
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Energies 2019, 12(11), 2038; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112038
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 23 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
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Abstract

A method to estimate air density as a function of elevation for wind energy resource assessments is presented. The current practice of using nearby measurements of pressure and temperature is compared with a method that uses re-analysis data. It is found that using re-analysis data to estimate air density gives similar or smaller mean absolute errors compared to using measurements that were on average located 40 km away. A method to interpolate power curves that are valid for different air densities is presented. The new model is implemented in the industry-standard model for wind resource assessment and compared with the current version of that model and shown to lead to more accurate assessment of the air density at different elevations. View Full-Text
Keywords: air density; wind energy; power curves; WAsP; ERA5; CFSR air density; wind energy; power curves; WAsP; ERA5; CFSR
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Floors, R.; Nielsen, M. Estimating Air Density Using Observations and Re-Analysis Outputs for Wind Energy Purposes. Energies 2019, 12, 2038.

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