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Open AccessArticle

Coupled Motion Characteristics of Offshore Wind Turbines during the Integrated Transportation Process

A State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, No. 135 Yaguan Road, Jinnan District, Tianjin 300350, China
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Energies 2019, 12(10), 2023; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12102023
Received: 4 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Offshore Wind Technology)
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Abstract

The offshore wind turbine (OWT) supported by bucket foundations can be installed in the integrated transportation process by a dedicated vessel. During the integrated transportation process, the wind turbine is considered as a coupling system with the transport ship, which is easily influenced by waves and storms. In view of the motion response and influential factors, the heave and rock stiffness of the entire floating system was proposed, and then the analytical dynamic motion model of the coupling system was established based on the movement mechanism of the traditional floating body in the wave in this paper. Subsequently, the rationality of the proposed motion model was verified based on the field observation data, with the maximum deviation of the motion responses less than 14%. Further, the influence on the heave and pitch motion of the coupling system considering different factors (vessel speed, wave height, wind speed and wave angle) and the factor sensitivity were discussed by the novel analytical model. It is explained that the heave and pitch motion responses rise with the increase of the wave height and wave angle. Simultaneously, the responses decrease as the vessel speed increases considering sailing along the waves. On the contrary, the responses show an obvious increasing trend with the increase of vessel speed in the case of the top wave sailing. In addition, it is also illustrated that the wave height has the greatest influence on the heave and pitch motion responses, followed by the vessel speed. The wave angle has the lowest sensitivity when the heave and pitch motion are far away from its harmonic resonance region. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind turbine (OWT); suction bucket foundation; the integrated transportation; prototype observation; coupling transportation system; structural motion characteristics offshore wind turbine (OWT); suction bucket foundation; the integrated transportation; prototype observation; coupling transportation system; structural motion characteristics
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Lian, J.; Jiang, J.; Dong, X.; Wang, H.; Zhou, H.; Wang, P. Coupled Motion Characteristics of Offshore Wind Turbines during the Integrated Transportation Process. Energies 2019, 12, 2023.

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